|Map of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (click to enlarge)|
New Mexico, a northern territory meant to serve as a buffer zone protecting the silver-rich northern areas of New Spain/Mexico from Indian incursion, remained a part of Mexico until 1858. Texas was a part of New Spain and then Mexico from 1690-1836. Parts of Texas still retain a strong Mexican character and in the area around of San Antonio, there remains a chain of restored colonial-era Roman Catholic mission churches that are now a National Park.
In future posts I will be writing more about New Mexico, which retains a very strong hispanic identity and the Spanish Missions of Texas. In these areas, and others in the U.S., the boundary between Mexico and the United States remains lightly drawn.